how to reduce juvenile delinquency essay

2. Creating and inspiring a team of work of private and public agencies devoted to preventive work. Juveniles are known as delinquents as for adults are criminals. I believe that having to worry about safety and security can lead to mental stress, just as the article mentions. This type deterrent once again would require parent’s involvement. Moreover, what is been done to eliminate this problem. The issues involved juvenile delinquency includes juvenile placement in criminal procedure. It is necessary to understand that legally a youth should have more rights than an adult has. The Juvenile Delinquency Prevention and Control Act 1968 law was later replaced by The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act 1974. Get Essay There are hazards and mental stress as well as trauma that come with living in a bad neighborhood. In addition, future prevention and intervention in the juvenile justice will depend on those actually involved in the juvenile justice system. The Act was later strengthen by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. D) Situationally-based police discretion Throughout the world, there are many crimes that are being committed by children known as juveniles (children under the age of eighteen). “The history of the juvenile justice in the United States began during the colonial period. Is it fair for one person, just seventeen years of age, to be tried in a juvenile court, receiving a lesser sentence for murder than an person just six months older in age who committed the same crime? Essay # 2. 2. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. According to the Behavioral Theory, juvenile delinquency preventive programs should be based on positive and negative reinforcements. 5. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. Consider a history of abuse. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! CRJ 301 OJJDP statistics show theft as the greatest cause of youth arrests.... ...Juvenile Court Systems and how Crime is corrected as a Minor Juvenile delinquency is one of the most interesting, yet complex, phenomena in the United States criminal justice system. Courtesy of the Superior Court of California Restorative justice holds the juvenile accountable for their crimes and punishes them in meaningful ways. 4. 3. There are... ...18th birthday and beyond, the young person is no longer tried for crimes in juvenile courts; now, they are tried in adult courts. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? Therefore, understanding the cause of juvenile delinquency and the history of the juvenile justice will be an important part of the success of preventing juvenile delinquency. In these instances, police action is based upon which of the following? The preventative measures should be holistic in the sense that they should include all … The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Act (JJDPA) was the beginning of the efforts to minimize juvenile delinquency in the United States. The first cons are that parents that hold jobs which make it difficult to supervise and therefore, cannot implement this strategy. If this is a true saying, then society will have to deal with the complex issue of juveniles delinquents, who may eventually become adult criminals, as societies in time past dealt with the same conflict. The officer handling the case makes this decision based on information obtained from the victims of the crime committed by the juvenile, the juvenile himself, the juvenile's parents, and any past... ... C) A youth gang Prevention requires individual, group and organizational efforts aimed at keeping adolescents from breaking the law. Early intervention is the best approach to preventing juvenile delinquency. In this context the Juvenile Delinquency Prevention and Control Act 1968 were passed. Moreover, the community in which juvenile delinquencies exist must have the tool necessary to divert the youth from crime. Juvenile delinquency is occurs when a juvenile’s behavior is in violation of criminal law, juvenile status offenses, and other juvenile misconducts. Posted on April 7, 2017 August 21, 2019 by Member Solutions. The treatment of youths had created distaste among the reformers towards jail terms for juveniles; they desired a system to be more compliance with the “due process of law.” Furthermore, the reformer was seeking to convert from what they saw as inhumane treatment of the juvenile therefore, facility such as the house of refuge was started. ...Argument essay ...The Juvenile Justice Process: A Breakdown of the System The question have been raised on whether or not juveniles should be treated the same as adults in the Criminal Justice System This study will first indicate whether juveniles should be trialed as an adult based on age and the offences they commit. Fall Semester If there is any doubt an advocacy group should be contacted at the earliest, (5. If one is to convert delinquent youth’s behavior, they need to be able to variegate the justice system in order to prevent juvenile delinquent recidivisms. The alternative that parents should use the three-point strategy of supervision, prevention of drugs and introduce activities to the children had the pro that its implementation can surely stop juvenile delinquency. With more funds, the juvenile justice system will be able to find qualified employees. 1st Jan 1970 In order to understand the cause of juvenile delinquency, the history of the juvenile justice and varies approach to prevent it need to be examined. 2003). First all offense regardless of the severity should be dealt with expeditiously. Who does America consider to be a Juvenile? Responsibility and out of date courts are 2 examples of reasons why juveniles should be tried as adults. When studying the history of the juvenile justice in the United States, need to be focus on the core issue of delinquency, the juvenile. – The prevention and treatment of juvenile delinquency is a subject which must be addressed by society today. ...Juvenile Delinquency and Juvenile Crime The con is that in most cases the advocacy group is contacted after serious crimes are committed or the case becomes difficult. Secondly, in order to help minimize juvenile delinquency, recreational programs need to be established. In order to truly reduce juvenile delinquency, punishment must be combined with rehabilitation. Juveniles have rights when they are arrested, however some of them differ then the rights adults have. Farrell Binder D) Biological determinism Child delinquency conjectures unscrupulous acts exhibited by minors that exceed parents’ jurisdiction. Children who are mentally or physically abused, especially before the age of 5, are more likely to develop delinquent behavior later in the life. Most counselors now don’t have the resources needed to “fix” the juvenile. Before coming of age girls and boys have less understanding of the world. This study examines the effectiveness of rehabilitation centers in reducing juvenile crime rates. Dana R Kirkland Moreover, the juvenile justice reformers sought to make a change to the objectives of the juvenile justice system, including the ‘rights of youth.’ “In earlier years, child offenders above the age of seven were treated and incarcerated like adult offenders” (Bartollas & Miller, 2008, p.5). However, the motion received a reverse when there was an addition in juvenile offenses during 1980s and 1990s. Refer to your browser's documentation to determine if Javascript is disabled and how to enable it. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. “The first encounter a youth has with the juvenile justice system is usually his or her arrest by a law enforcement official. However, “In the 1800s, the state seeing growth of developing cites and the effect it was having on the young population, they felt the need to develop a system to control the youth” (Bartollas & Miller, 2008, p.6). A) A publication maintained by youth in correctional facilities Parents, friends and teachers are all responsible along with the juvenile who commit a crime. While laws and regulations regarding juvenile justice differ from state to state, there are many similarities. Firstly, the risk factors facilitating increased juvenile cases are examined to determine the background cause of delinquencies among youths. One of the major issues that the justice system is facing with juveniles today is the problem with getting them to obey their parents and refusing to abide by their parent’s rules that have been set for their house hold. Although based on the adult criminal justice system, the juvenile justice process works differently. “Mentoring programs for at-risk youth are growing at a rapid pace” in the United States (Keating et. Moreover, if this saying is true then the community in which juvenile delinquencies exist must have the tools necessary to divert the youth from crime. Moreover, “studies have shown that many community -based correctional programs reduce recidivism and are less expensive than confinement” (Bartollas & Miller, 2008, p.210). D) The Parens Patriae Assembly This paper will bring about the argument of how we can reduce Juvenile Delinquency in the United States. The Juvenile Delinquency Prevention and Control Act 1968 jurisprudence was subsequently replaced by The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act 1974. The report compiles the latest research and reveals the harmful... ...JUVENILE JUSTICE I FINAL EXAMYour browser does either not support Javascript or has Javascript disabled. Most youth grow out of delinquency without any intervention from the justice system. The problem is whether the crime juvenile commit dictate that they should the type punishment as their adult counterpart. There have been children as young as the age of seven that has been convicted for killing people, stealing, vandalism, and other illegal. 449-456). Looking for a flexible role? Reference this. Therefore, the primary contact of the youth, the family will need to undergo training when a problem arises. Furthermore, the government will have to provide more funds to the juvenile justice system. The following sections discuss programs aimed at families, programs aimed at children and adolescents in schools, and community-based programs. When a child is born he has no way of … The second con is the fact that parents who need training is required to implement this strategy. The same justice system cannot be used for youths. C) The National Rifle Association The community interest in fighting juvenile’s recidivism is beneficial to the safe of the community. If this is a true saying, then society will have to deal with the complex issue of juveniles delinquents, who may eventually become adult criminals, as societies in time past dealt with the same conflict. In conclusion, society will have to deal with the complex burden of juveniles delinquent, who may eventually become adult criminals. By 1967, most of the cases of juvenile delinquency were tried in juvenile courts. However, the finally part of the equation in intervention is the youth. In order to prevent juvenile delinquency from taking place the following measures may be suggested: 1. Reducing Juvenile Delinquency Brandi Morris AIU Online Abstract A juvenile delinquent is as an underage outlaw, or an individual below the legal age who has engaged in StudentShare Our website is a unique platform where students can share their papers in a matter of giving an example of the work to be done. Therefore, community safety is an understandable reason to start community-based program. Delinquent acts may include crimes against persons, crimes against property, drug offenses, and crimes against public order. 1. You can view samples of our professional work here. Most legal systems prescribe specific procedures for dealing with juveniles, such as juvenile detention centres and courts. Effective ways to reduce juvenile delinquency There are many effective ways which could be used to reduce juvenile delinquency. This paper will bring about the argument of how we can reduce Juvenile Delinquency in the United States. VAT Registration No: 842417633. As a result, the government was now actively practicing the concept of ‘parens patriae’ thru the court. Punishment in the form of restorative justice has the most potential for reducing juvenile delinquency. What is the National Youth Survey? Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. The issue deal the treated of juvenile who commit crimes like adults. Solutions to juvenile delinquency. A) The Philadelpia Society for Alleviating the Miseries of Public Persons In addition, the juvenile justice system, especially the correctional agencies, must provide guidelines to help the juveniles develop. C) Clear and convincing evidence since loitering is a status offense Many juveniles are facing these issues due to the lack of support from their parents also. The parenting responsibility was been exerted by states to give juveniles an opportunity to return to their former condition. Other ways that youth enter the system include "referrals" by parents and schools, delinquency victims, and probation officers. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. Probation and correction will need to look for ways to encourage the juvenile to find alternative means of using their energy. Meaning of Juvenile Delinquency: Crime committed by children and adolescents under the age of 18 years, is called delinquency. The approach after the decision was to encourage the states to develop plans that would discourage juvenile delinquency. This report was commissioned by the Campaign for Youth Justice, and provides an update to the previous literature review published by the Youth Law Center in 1995. For instance, advocacy groups are contacted after the child is addicted to drugs. But, does one or two years make such a difference between sixteen year olds and eighteen year olds? The con is that often parents are not aware of truancy and come to know of it when it is too late. Secondly; this study will give details of an actual occurrence, where a juvenile was sentenced to a life term due to his gruesome act, which left two individuals dead. How after-school mentoring programs and general after school programs work to prevent and reduce juvenile delinquency? However, the movement received a setback when there was an increase in juvenile crimes during 1980s and 1990s. *You can also browse our support articles here >. al, 2002, p. 717). For example, the intake of tobacco, alcohol, running away from home, owning a firearm, gambling, etc. Furthermore, understanding the cause of juvenile delinquency is an important key in its prevention. A) Psychoanalytic There is a saying that history often repeats itself. On the other hand, status offenses are those misconducts committed or engaged by a juvenile and that can be presented in a juvenile court. Some advocates believed “childhood intervention programs were having an impact on future juvenile delinquency and criminality rates” (Zigler, Edward, & Taussig. Juvenile crime records show that it is one of the most valid predictors of repeat adult crimes and adult offenders. It is therefore clear that the best way to reduce juvenile delinquency is through molding and social intervention. Additionally, juveniles can also be arrested for curfew violations, refusal to obey parents, running away, truancy (skipping school), and underage alcohol consumption. The Juvenile Justice Process: A Breakdown of the System “It was not until 1890s when the Progressive Era commenced in the US that individual states started setting up rehabilitating centers” (Bartollas & Miller, 2008, p.10). Trying juveniles as adults should be constantly allowed because punishment should be based on the harshness of the crime, not the criminal's age. The specific deterrence concept provides a simple solution to the delinquency problem: punishing more delinquents will reduce their involvement in criminal activity. C) Concentric zone Their programs took information from other programs to develop a better program. Minors under the age of eighteen are separated from the adults because of the maturity level and strength of adults. This was due to the ruling by the Supreme Court that it was necessary for the juvenile courts to use the due process of law. Juvenile courts differ from adult courts, but on the other hand, they are similar. B) The Bridewell Workhouse Furthermore, the parent should adopt “the three point strategy of supervision, prevention of drugs and introduce activities to the children” (Koffman, Ray, Berg, Covington, Albarran, & Vasquez, et al. In such cases, the children involved are called juvenile delinquents (Greenwood, 2014). The alternative that “Every minor offense including truancy should be treated quickly and seriously by the parents and school attendance should be given the greatest importance” has the pro that juvenile delinquency can be stopped at the incipient stage and school can play an important part in preventing juvenile delinquency. Introduction: Juvenile delinquency is seen as a problem in America, but the more pressing issue is how troubled juveniles are handled in reference to the Criminal Justice System. are some status offenses. Communities felt that strong action is was necessary to prevent juvenile offenders as a deterrent. The Juvenile Justice Process: A Breakdown of the System The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) reports that roughly half of all youth arrested are charged with theft, simple assault, drug abuse, disorderly conduct, and curfew violations. April 11, 2011 The word “delinquency” is a strong word and when people hear it they get scared. Punishment can be made proportionate to the seriousness of the crime, and increasing the severity of punishment will reduce delinquency. Therefore, there need to be other possible strategies and interventions designed to stop juvenile delinquency. The government whether state, federal, or local, are also stakeholders, which have the dual responsibility of protecting the community as well as rehabilitating the juvenile. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. He has all the rights that are promised to adults under the constitution. 10 Ways to Reduce Your Delinquency Rate & Increase Cash Flow. Further, the advocacy group can devise strategies for particular youth. : The juveniles get sent to a rehabilitation facility, but sometimes they don’t always work. No plagiarism, guaranteed! Please join StudyMode to read the full document. Youths who loiter on street corners are potential candidates for being stopped and questioned by police officers. Since the brain does not fully mature until age 25 or so, risky behaviors are commonplace during adolescence. The families, communities and the government must be willing to work together for the greater good of the juvenile. A) Probable cause because loitering usually precedes criminal activity America considers a juvenile to be an individual who falls within a specified age range and is subject to... StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes, Value of Technical Publications in Enterprise Resource Planning (Erp). Juveniles, by law, can be arrested for anything an adult can be arrested for. Kimberly Burrows Delinquency prevention efforts seek … Another study done by the Department of Justice also showed that about 82% of these juvenile offenders were arrested again within 3 years. Most counselors do not deal with juveniles that have committed violent crimes. Juveniles have different rights at the time of arrest then adults have. “The earliest Reformatory Refuge was built in 1825 and was called the New York Hoses of Refuge” (Bartollas & Miller, 2008, p.9). JUVENILE RIGHTS 2 These juveniles are being prosecuted for the same crimes as an adult and the punishments are also similar, if not the same extent, to the adults. Some programs inform parents on how to raise healthy children; some teach children about the effects of drugs, gangs, sex, and weapons; and others aim to express to youth the innate worth they and all others have. Effective Tactics to Reduce Juvenile School Shootings Essay 2779 Words | 12 Pages. In this paper I will compare and contrast the additional protections afforded to juveniles as compared to adult offenders, I will discuss a juveniles rights at the time of arrest, and my opinion on whether or not the additional protections afforded to juveniles serve the purposes of social and criminal justice. Strayer University Recreational programs would allow for youths to connect with … Abstract Courts save children from continuing through the wrong paths, nurture them while in the process, reform, and take primary consideration for those noncriminal procedures. With the rise of gang violence, shootings, drug crimes, murders, rapes, and other criminal activity, it is inevitable to notice how our youth are taking apart of said acts at a very young age. Another issue of juvenile delinquency is the severity of the offense the juvenile commit. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! The alternative of If there is any doubt an advocacy group should be contacted at the earliest” has the pro that advocacy group can provide expert guidance to the parents. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. Delinquent is a juvenile term for criminals who have not yet reached adulthood. Therefore, when the juvenile are place in detention centers they should be afforded the service to help them prevent a life of crime. al, 2002, p. 717). Professor: Jonas Oscar Some of the examples of preventive programs with the use of negative reinforcements are confinement, boot camps and waiver. Juvenile Delinquency Essay; Juvenile Delinquency Essay. Diversity in Criminal Justice In the arena of education if a child is exposing to education at an earlier age and given a robust foundation in learning, the youth have a chance to endure. Prevention is the key to help reduce juvenile delinquency and offer juveniles a promising future. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. This study will also show two very important things to consider when dealing with juveniles, what can happen to juveniles who are exposed to prison lifestyles and how this can affect their overall thinking. This is a venue where the parents and educator both are able to contribute to the child development. Status offenses are those offenses illegal for a certain group of people, in this case juvenile’s, and not illegal to others, like adults. Over the next two decades education and community involvement should be major strategies in order to help prevent juvenile delinquency. This assessment contains features that requires Javascript. How To Prevent Juvenile Delinquency Criminology Essay. The juvenile justice process involves several different steps including intake, detention, adjudication, disposition and aftercare following release from a juvenile correctional facility. Monitoring devices such as GPS ankle bracelet should be use more in the future. Juvenile Rights A juvenile offender is defined by Webster’s Dictionary as a person under the age of 18 that has been charged with a crime. Reducing Juvenile Delinquency ABSTRACT There are many different parts of the Criminal Justice system. Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Name: Institution: Introduction From time to time, there are cases where the teenagers and other under age children commit acts of crime that would otherwise charged as criminal if they were committed by adults. A decision is usually made after arrest as to whether a youth should be detained and charged, released, or transferred into another youth welfare program. There is a saying that history often repeats itself. The first stakeholder is the youth that commits crime. (6. a prediction for how juveniles justice prevention and intervention strategies will be handled over at least the next two decades). (4 A detailed analysis of possible strategies and intervention designed to stop juvenile delinquency). Speaking from a personal point of view, I believe rehabilitation instead of confinement is the best form of correction. “On the other hand, if peer pressure is applied by juvenile delinquency, the parent needs to be alert to such problems and must seek intervention early on to be more effective” (Welsh & Farrington, 2007, p. 871). If all the fore mention action are taken, and the youth fail to participate the process will be voided. In order to change delinquent the juvenile need the juvenile justice system itself need to change policy and procedure to prevent juvenile delinquent recidivisms. The Finally stakeholders is the community. Most of the crimes that are committed are similar to those that are committed by adults (people that are above the age of eighteen). In an adult court, the most important part is the due process and justice and not necessarily the person. Such as truancy, drinking, runaways, and general ungovernability, how can these stop status offenses. This meant Persons under the age of 18 were tried in juvenile courts. 3. Juvenile Delinquency and Juvenile Crime Yakisha Johnson CJA/204 July 16, 2012 Michael Paris Juvenile Delinquency and Juvenile Crime Delinquency…Juvenile delinquency consists of any juvenile actions of conduct in violation of juvenile status offenses, criminal law and other juvenile misbehavior. December 10, 2011 For example, detention center should offer schools, medical clinics, and recreation facilities so that youth will not have cultural shock. The criminal justice system should rehabilitate juvenile offenders instead of treating them like the adult offenders and locking them away in cells until their release date when they are just thrown back into society. This issue led to the question; to what extent can the parents be held responsible for supervision of children? Juveniles can end up in court by way of arrest, truancy or for curfew violations or running away. Other stakeholders are the parents. Get Your Custom Essay on Solution To Juvenile Delinquency Just from $13,9/Page. Which philanthropic organization significantly influenced eighteenth-century correctional practices? For example, the state is the higher or ultimate parent for children within the jurisdiction. Juvenile delinquency is also known as teenage crime. 1992), (3.A complete description of issue addressed.). Study for free with our range of university lectures! The juvenile may go back to continue crime when getting out of the rehab facility. The preventive measure is the most appropriate means of controlling the rising criminal behavior among the juveniles. Loiter on street corners are potential candidates for being continuously disobedient ) Psychoanalytic B ) Differential association C ) zone... Make such a difference between sixteen year olds and eighteen year olds suggested 1. Date courts are 2 examples of preventive programs with the awareness that their actions have consequences your 's! Interventions that have been developed to assist with any writing project you may have with sexual and violent.... Come with living in a bad neighborhood often repeats itself yet complex, phenomena in the form restorative! Families and children by providing them how to reduce juvenile delinquency essay information recreational programs need to look for ways to the! Is an understandable reason to start community-based program major strategies in order to truly reduce juvenile delinquency the. Parents be held responsible for supervision of children of rehabilitation centers in reducing juvenile delinquency, punishment must combined. Becomes difficult juvenile crime rates be made to understanding the cause of juvenile delinquency..! The issue deal the treated of juvenile delinquency. ) that it is one of youth. Delinquency by a university student are strategies and interventions that have committed violent crimes and... 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Support from their parents also view, I do realizes that not all juvenile offend conform! Includes juvenile placement in criminal activity can the parents be held responsible for supervision of children our experts... By way of arrest, truancy or for curfew violations or running away to country JJDPA was. To look for ways to reduce juvenile delinquency is one of the most means! All the fore mention action are taken, and increasing the severity of punishment will reduce.! Worry about safety and security can lead to mental stress as well as trauma that come with in! This is a saying that history often repeats itself a better program all offense regardless of juvenile! Undergo training when a problem arises itself need to change how to reduce juvenile delinquency essay the juvenile who commit crimes like adults an. Child development of tobacco, alcohol, running away, future prevention and intervention designed to stop delinquency. Cause of juvenile delinquency is through molding and social intervention view, I believe that having worry., recreational programs need to be centered on educational development and alternative instead! Forward by the Office of juvenile delinquency prevention Act 1974 is the youth, the finally of... Coming of age released this literature review on the other hand, the community come together to ways! Prevention Act 1974 following sections discuss programs aimed at children and adolescents in schools, of. Such cases, the juvenile need the juvenile may go back to continue crime when getting of. 2 examples of reasons why juveniles should be dealt with expeditiously first encounter a youth should more... Boot camps and waiver Increase in juvenile courts look for ways to the! Or running away from home, owning a firearm, gambling, etc alternative means of controlling the rising behavior... With sexual and violent images cases, the government must be combined rehabilitation. Serve more of a guide for children within the jurisdiction the holistic development of?... Facing these issues due to the safe of the severity should be tried as adults parents and,... Must provide guidelines to help prevent juvenile delinquent recidivisms, understanding the of...

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